NEW Education Policy 2020 : The New Education Policy 2020 is released by Human Resource & Development Ministry (HRD) after 28 Year. The National Education Policy was last drafted in 1986 and Updated 1992. The committee which has suggested the changes in National Education Policy was headed by Former ISRO chief K Kasturirangan.
NEW Education Policy 2020
The Union Cabinet has approved the New National Education Policy and HRD Minister Pokhriyal, I&B Minister Javadekar, Secretary higher education Amit Khare and Secretary School education Anita Karwal has presented the NEW Education Policy 2020. The NEP was last updated in 1992 and National Education was part of the election manifesto of the ruling Bhartiya Janta Party (BJP) ahead of 2014 election. The New Education Policy has approved the multidisciplinary system in Higher Education. The Key Highlights of New National Education are mentioned in the below. In the New Education Policy focuses on providing Education in Local Language or Mother Tongue. But there is still are some challenges such as, are companies ready to provide Job to those students who have do not posses Knowledge of English but they are good in the area of Business.
Single Common Entrance Exam for All Colleges
According to NEW Education Policy 2020 the Single Entrance Exam will be conducted to provide admission UG Courses in Higher Education Institute. The Common Entrance Exam will be conducted by the National Testing Agency (NTA). The Exam will be optional and not mandatory.
NEW Education Policy- Board Exam Pattern Changes
The Board Exams to Undergo a huge change, Like Mathematics for CBSE, All courses to offered in two language. The Board Exams across states to test knowledge application and not rote Learning. For each subject to test objective and descriptive exam.
Highlights of National Education Policy 2020
National Education Policy (NEP) to be available in 22 language, audio books.
Name of the HRD (Human Resource and Development) Ministry Changed to Ministry of Education.
Aim to have 50% GER (Gross Enrolment Ratio) by 2035 – The aim will be to increase the Gross Enrolment Ratio in higher education including vocational education from 26.3% (2018) to 50% by 2035. To Ensure the same, holistic, and multidisciplinary education with flexibility of Subjects to be allowed.
MPhil Discontinued– To Pursue Research, MPhil will not be allowed.
Free to be Regulated– Not just courses but universities to go multi-disciplinary. For public and private HEIs, common norms will be given. This means the fee will be fixed within the regulatory framework and no extra fee will be charged beyond the cap.
Education to 6% of GDP– The Public Sector Investment in Education to reach 6% of GDP. Currently the Education Budget is 4.43% including State and Center Govt.
New System of Education: The NEP (New Education Policy) changes the school education system to 5+3+3+4 format, Which was previously 10+2. This means the first five years of the school will comprise of the Foundation stage including three years of pre-primary school (Nursery Schooling) and classes 1 and class 2. The next three years will be divided into a Preparatory stage from classes 3 to 5. Later three years of Middle stage (classes 6 to 8), and four years of secondary stage (classes 9 to 12).
Coding from Class 6: The Students to be allowed to take Coding from Class 6. Co-curriculum subjects like sports, vocational, arts, commerce, science, everything will be at the same level. Schools will not have any rigid formation of streams of arts, commerce, science, students can take up whichever courses they want.
Report Card Assessment: Report Card to be reviewed by the Teachers, peers, and Students as well. AI (Artificial Intelligence) Assessment will be given to students for each year and Life Skill to be taught every year.
UG Colleges to be more Autonomous: Undergrad autonomy, academic, administrative, and financial autonomy will be given to colleges, on the basis of the status of their accreditation. India has over 45,000 affiliated colleges with several State and Central Universities.
IITs asked to take Holistic Approach: Engineering Institutions, such as IITs, NITs and IIITs will move towards more holistic and multidisciplinary education with more arts and humanities. Students of arts and humanities will aim to learn more science and all will make an effort to incorporate more vocational subjects and soft skills.
Foreign Universities to set-up Campuses in India: Under the NEP the world’s top 100 foreign universities will be “facilitated” to operate in India through a new law. According to the HRD Ministry document, listing salient features of policy, “such (foreign) universities will be given special dispensation regarding regulatory, governance, and content norms on par with other autonomous institutions of India.”
By 2020 One Large multidisciplinary Institute in Every District: By 2030 at least one large multidisciplinary Higher Education Institute in or Near Every District. By 2040 all Higher Education Institute to become multidisciplinary Institutes and each will have 3000 students and more.
Vocational Courses to be Part of Mainstream Courses: Vocational education will be integrated into all schools and higher education institutions in a phased manner over the next decade. By 2025, at least 50% of learners through the school and higher education system shall have exposure to vocational education, for which a clear action plan with targets and timelines will be developed.